Fulfillment KPIs: Create an Efficient Warehouse

Fulfillment KPIs are essential

  • Written by Ellie Kwon
  • Published on December 11, 2023
  • Time to read 9 minutes


When measuring warehouse efficiency, tracking several key performance indicators (KPIs) is critical. Among the most crucial fulfillment KPIs are inventory accuracy, order accuracy, cycle time, order lead time, and picking accuracy. They enable warehouse performance monitoring and identifying areas where productivity and efficiency can be improved effectively and precisely.

Fulfillment KPIs

Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) related to fulfillment typically measure the efficiency and effectiveness of order processing and delivery in a business. Fulfillment KPIs are essential for evaluating how well a company meets its customers’ expectations and ensures that products or services are delivered promptly and accurately. Here are some common fulfillment KPIs:

Order Accuracy Rate: This KPI measures the percentage of orders filled without errors. It reflects the accuracy of the picking and packing processes.

Order Cycle Time: Order cycle time measures the average time it takes from receiving an order to delivering the product or service to the customer. It’s crucial for assessing the speed of fulfillment.

On-Time Delivery Rate: This KPI indicates the percentage of orders delivered on or before their promised delivery date. High on-time delivery rates are crucial for customer satisfaction.

Inventory Turnover: Inventory turnover measures how quickly a company sells its inventory over a specific period. A high turnover rate can indicate efficient inventory management.

Backorder Rate: The backorder rate tracks the percentage of orders that cannot be fulfilled immediately due to stock shortages. Lowering this rate is often a priority to prevent customer dissatisfaction.

Fill Rate: Fill rate measures the percentage of customer demand that can be met immediately from available inventory. A higher fill rate indicates better inventory management.

Perfect Order Rate: These fulfillment KPIs look at the percentage of orders fulfilled without errors, on time, and in full. It provides a comprehensive view of fulfillment quality.

Return Rate: The return rate measures the percentage of orders customers return. A high return rate can indicate issues with product quality or fulfillment processes.

Order Lead Time: Order lead time calculates the average time processing an order, from order placement to shipping. Shortening lead times can lead to faster fulfillment.

Cost per Order: This KPI measures the average cost incurred to process and fulfill each order. It helps evaluate the efficiency of fulfillment operations.

Shipping and Delivery Cost as a Percentage of Revenue: This KPI assesses the proportion of revenue spent on shipping and delivery costs. Keeping these costs in check is essential for profitability.

Customer Satisfaction and Net Promoter Score

Customer Satisfaction and Net Promoter Score (NPS): While not directly related to operations, customer satisfaction and NPS can be influenced by fulfillment performance. High satisfaction and NPS scores often correlate with efficient and accurate fulfillment.

Employee Productivity: This fulfillment KPI measures the productivity of fulfillment center employees, such as pickers and packers. It can help identify areas for improvement in labor management.

Order Volume and Throughput: Monitoring the number of orders processed and shipped daily, weekly, or monthly can help assess the capacity and scalability of fulfillment operations.

Order Aging: This KPI tracks the time orders spend in various stages of fulfillment. It helps identify bottlenecks and areas where orders might be delayed.


Fulfillment KPIs are critical for ensuring that a company’s logistics and supply chain operations run smoothly and meet customer expectations. Other KPIs may also be relevant depending on the industry and specific business goals. Businesses often use a combination of these KPIs to understand their fulfillment performance and make data-driven improvements comprehensively.

LatestFrom the blog

The latest industry news, interviews, technologies, and resources.

View all posts
View all posts