Hazardous materials, like automotive batteries, can be very dangerous if not handled properly. As an eCommerce shipper, it’s important to know how to handle them safely to protect people and the environment. In this blog, we will go over hazard classes and what each contains, what hazard class automotive batteries are in, and how to properly handle automotive batteries when it comes time to ship them. 

What are the Hazard Classes?

In short, hazard classes put hazardous materials into different categories based on how risky they are. Through this, people can know how to transport, store, and get rid of them safely. Here  are the nine hazard classes:


Class 1: Explosives. 

• These are objects that can explode when they catch fire or are hit. For example, fireworks or ammunition.


Class 2: Gases. 

• These are substances that are pressurized. Also, there are other categories of gases, which include flammable, non-flammable, and toxic gases.


Class 3: Flammable Liquids. 

• These are liquids that can easily catch fire, like gasoline.


Class 4: Flammable Solids. 

• As the name implies, these are substances that can catch fire easily, like certain chemicals.


Class 5: Oxidizing Agents and Organic Peroxides. 

• These include substances that can make fires worse or react dangerously. For example, something you might have in your medicine cabinet, hydrogen peroxide.


Class 6: Toxic and Infectious Substances.

• This is the stuff that can harm us or cause diseases. For example, some chemicals like lead and mercury. Or, disease-causing materials like salmonella.  


Class 7: Radioactive Materials. 

• These include materials that give off harmful radiation. For example, Uranium would be one of them. 


Class 8: Corrosive Substances. 

• This is stuff that can cause severe harm to our skin or other things it touches, like sulfuric acid.


Class 9: Miscellaneous Dangerous Substances. 

• These are hazardous materials that don’t fit into the other classes but still need careful handling. These include battery-powered vehicles, but not batteries alone. 


Now that we’ve gone over all the classes, let’s discuss the main topic for today. So, what class do automotive batteries fit into?


Automotive Battery Hazard Class:

Automotive batteries are in “Class 8: Corrosive Substances”. Although class 9 deals with vehicles that contain batteries, automotive batteries alone actually fit into 8. This is because they contain corrosive stuff, such as sulfuric acid. Thus, they can burn us or cause some nasty injuries if they are not handled carefully.

Overall, if you ship automotive batteries, or any hazardous materials for that matter, you should know how to do it the right way. That’s why next, we’ll go over tips on how to handle hazardous materials in shipping. 


Stay Safe, Avoid Problems:

An infographic is shown with steps for preparedness and handling automotive battery hazard class safely.

When sending hazardous stuff, like automotive batteries, it is important to know how to do it. Make sure to follow these safety tips in order to send the hazardous things correctly:

  • Train and Educate: 

Train your staff well on how to handle and safely get rid of automotive batteries. Also, be sure they know the safety symbols and what to do in emergencies.

  • Store the Right Way: 

Keep automotive batteries in a place meant for hazardous materials, that is also ventilated well. Keep them away from sunlight and extreme heat to avoid leaks and dangers.

  • Package Properly: 

When shipping batteries, use packaging that meets safety rules to avoid damage or leaks.

  • Use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): 

Give your employees gloves, safety goggles, and protective clothes to stay safe.

  • Get Kits: 

Have spill response kits nearby to quickly deal with spills and minimize harm.

  • Battery Recycling Programs: 

Encourage customers to recycle used batteries at designated centers. Also, you can recycle old batteries if necessary.

  • Inspect, Inspect, Inspect: 

Check storage areas and equipment regularly for damage and replace any damaged batteries. This way, you can avoid potential spills or future problems. 

  • Make Sure to Label and Document: 

Properly label hazardous materials, including automotive batteries, and keep good records. This can help avoid misunderstandings and other potential issues with mislabeling. 

  • Be Prepared for Emergencies:

Make sure to have clear plans for dealing with accidents involving hazardous materials.

  • Know the Regulations: 

Follow the rules and laws for handling hazardous materials. You can find those on the U.S. Department of Transportation website.

  • Partner with Certified Recyclers: 

Work with trusted recycling facilities for proper disposal. 


By following these safety tips, you’ll create a safer workplace and show that you care about doing things right. Thus, you are able to protect your workers, customers, and the environment.

Final Thoughts:

Overall, in the world of shipping and eCommerce, safety is a top priority. This is especially true when you deal with hazardous materials like automotive batteries. Therefore, understanding the hazard classes and following rules for how to handle hazardous materials are essential for protecting human health and the environment. 

Also, it is crucial to prioritize safety through staff training, appropriate storage, and using personal protective equipment. Additionally, you should encourage battery recycling, hold regular inspections, and follow the rules and regulations. By doing this, you show your commitment to responsible practices. 

By partnering with certified recyclers, you throw away hazardous materials the right way. All in all, embracing these safety measures not only safeguards your business but also contributes to a safer world for everyone. Using all these tips, you make sure to create ethical and secure shipping practices and make a positive impact on the environment.

If you would like help finding a fulfillment partner/3PL that specializes in HAZMAT reach out to our Fulfillment Consultants and we can place you with a vetted fulfillment partner.


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